The Voice of the Entrepreneur in our society.
All over the world small and medium enterprises are an important factor of the economy.
In Spain, more than the 80% of the workers are employed by SMEs, and this percentage increases in the European Union where these companies represent a 97%. But this new crisis started in 2008 has supposed a strong attack to the SMEs, and their permanence in the market is becoming each time more complicated.
Since the beginning of the world crisis, in 2008, more than 1.000.000 of Pymes (peque–as y medianas empresas/small and medium enterprises) have disappeared in Spain. This is leading to an intensive increase of the unemployment, which pulls the country to a deep economic depression. There are more than 5.000.000 people unemployed, and this quantity grows to a level that nobody seems to be able to stop. And with this panorama in the national market, who would be as brave to try and change it?
The entrepreneur is the answer. Given the difficulty that finding a job involves nowadays, some people try to make a living running their own business. But this can be even more dangerous, so they need something that gives them a kind of certainty that their enterprise will prosper. They need an idea, an idea of anything nobody has done before.
During these hard moments in the world economy, it is time for innovative minds to show their potential. What is characteristic about entrepreneurs is that they create something new-fangled, something not offered by any major company and that the society may want. And as they are the first ones who do it, the success is at their fingertips.
In Spain, the number of people taking risks and trying to improve their way of living by creating a new and singular business has grown pending the last two years. It is believed that before the end of 2012 about 85.000 companies will be founded in the country, and this is due to the inability of the government to improve and promote job creation. The Spanish idiom Òlas buenas ideas valen su peso en oro (good ideas are worth their weight in gold) is resulting each time more certain, and Spanish population is becoming more prepared to fight against their economic problems by putting into practise this sentence.
One of those who is doing it is Mateo Hermos’n. This twenty-five years old man has created with some of his friends a company that produces elastic sandals, which can be washed. One year after the beginning of the business they have already sold 15.000 pairs of sandals and they have one hundred stores across Spain. What is the key of their success? Something, as simple as, a little bit of orange blossom scent in each shoe. It is new, it is an idea; and nobody had done it before. A really good remedy to fight the crisis.
But this concept of entrepreneur is not something given as a consequence of these bad times. It was first defined by the Irish-French economist Richard Cantillon in 1725, who understood the entrepreneur as the one who pays a certain price for a product to resell it at an uncertain price, thereby making decisions about obtaining and using the resources while consequently admitting the risk of enterprise. After him, a lot of politicians and economists have expressed their own view of what an entrepreneur is. In 1934, the well-known economist Joseph Schumpeter presented his theory that the entrepreneur is just the one who innovates, a theory that nowadays is determining the actions of any new entrepreneur.
Along history many innovative people have changed our way of living. Some of the greatest strides of the human have been possible thanks to these people who invested their money in an unusual but profitable project which then succeed and caused an important impact in the world. Since Samuel Crompton, the one who invented the spinning mule, until Bill Gates, including others such as Coco Chanel, Steve Jobs or even Mark Zuckerberg, the creator of Facebook; all these entrepreneurs had the face to do something unthinkable in the hopes of getting a better life. And trying to make a living, they changed the live of everybody on Earth.
The risks that every person who tries to improve his way of living, who tries to have some money to let his family have a house or something to eat, are the ones who makes this planet a better place. Progress, both cultural and scientific, is made of ideas. And everybody, even you, can have a great one, which is going to change it all.
Alejandro Martin (17)
Student at CET Services