Cloning – A possible cure considered to be ethically incorrect
Nowadays, in the media, we receive a constant flow of news and information regarding scientific advances. Not all these advances are accepted the same way by society. A good example would be cloning, a scientific advance that is causing a lot of controversy among people. This opens a debate between those who think it is not ethical and those who think it´ll solve many problems.
First of all we would be able to repair or replace damaged tissue using a treatment based on introducing stem cells in our body. In addition to this, we would be able to prevent genetic disorders such as FanconiÕs Anaemia by using a revolutionary technique: designer babies. With this treatment, we would be able to screen for disease-bearing genes and implant those in the uterus without the disease ensuring a healthy disease.
The first known designer baby was Adam Nash. Scientists genetically selected his embryo so that he could save his sister´s life who suffered from FanconiÕs Anaemia, an illness that affects the marrow bone. When Adam was born the blood cells from his umbilical cord were transplanted into his sister´s body. Finally, Adam wasnÕt affected at all by the medical procedure that saved his sister´s life.
So scientists consider that it is positive to investigate this new technique as it could save many lives.
However, cloning has also some negative aspects. Firstly, cloning could be used for selfish purposes. For instance, a couple may go in for designer babies just for the stem cells. Once they have the necessary ones, they give up the baby for adoption or even abort. This act is considered to be immoral and unethical. That’s why it is being very criticised.
Another factor would be that it is necessary to have more than one embryo in case the fecundation fails and so when an embryo works well the other ones are considered useless and so they are destroyed. When Adam was born, 11 embryos were destroyed because of their genetic build up. Why isn’t it considered a murder? Isn’t it unfair?
It is certain that cloning is a very complex issue as it has very positive factors that cure many deadly diseases as well as save many lives. However, using this kind of therapy is considered to be unethical as we would demean the value of human life. So this innovative advance opens a debate of whether it must or mustn’t be prohibited something that politicians must deal with. Of course a treatment that could save many lives cannot be ignored so easily.
Vikesh Mahboobani Mart’nez (16)
Student at CET Services
Assistant Editor of the Canary Express