Swimming in Spain
The first entity that was created in Spain was Barcelona Swimming Club on November 10, 1907 and whose main precursor was Picornell Bernardo (1882-1970) with a group of 20 members of the Solé Gym. The Barcelona Swimming Club was therefore the first Spanish club swimming where many important figures both male and female in this sport of water polo were forged.
The Spanish swimming begins to take shape and new institutions begin to emerge throughout the Spanish territory. Thus in 1912 in Bilbao, Deportivo Bilbao was successfully forged and figures from many other national clubs. Chronologically follow, also in Barcelona, the CN Atletic founded in 1913 and later, in 1916, the CN Sabadell. The latter two, together with the C.N. Barcelona, decided to promote swimming and formalise it in 1920 creating the Spanish Swimming Federation and the Catalan Federation in 1927.
In 1920 the X Olympic Games in Antwerp (Belgium) where the first two Spanish swimmers participated were held: Abelardo L—pez and Joaqu’n Square NC Barcelona, although they failed to reach the finals. Spain had to wait until the 1980 Olympics, held in Moscow for its first Olympic medal at the hands of David Lopez Zubero, earning third place in the 100m butterfly.
From 1920 all over the country, like Valencia , Zaragoza, Palma , Madrid , Guipœzcoa, etc. . swimming clubs were springing up. However, the Spanish swimming twenties was led by the Catalan swimming.
The first highlighted achievement of the Spanish swimming did not come until the Olympics in Amsterdam in 1928, when our national team won its first Olympic final in mens 4 x 200 m relay. Free hand Artigas, Artal, Gonzalez and Segales, achieving a decent seventh.
In the 60s the Spanish swimming lived a golden age which resulted in countless records: raking fifth country in 1965, leaving behind only the USSR and West Germany and Italy. In the individual rankings would highlight Miguel Torres (first 1,500 free), Jaime Monzo (second in 200 back), Jesus Cabrera (second in 100 back). Juan Fortuny (sixth in 400 free) and Joaqu’n Pujol (fifth in 200 butterfly). But were not the only names that stood out in the 60s, and could cite swimmers as Nazario Padrœn, Isabel Casta Mary Balleste, Rita Pulido or the first finalist in 1966 in a European María Paz Corominas.
The decade of the 70 opens with the XIII European Championships in Barcelona in 1970 and a name in capital, Santiago Estava with two silver medals and two bronze back in 400 and 1,500 free.
By: Lucía çlvarez Rodr’guez (11)
CEIP Mariela C‡ceres PŽrez La Palma