International Day Against Child Labour
The International Day against Child Labour was launched in 2002 by the International Labour Organisation (ILO) to give attention to child labor and the measures and efforts required for its elimination. Child labour is increasing alarmingly in many countries. Exactly how many children are working is difficult to calculate because many work in families and in the street, where they are relatively invisible to statistics.
Furthermore, the authorities in some areas argue that child labor does not exist and therefore there are no statistics. UNICEF estimates that about 15% of all children between the ages of 5 and 14 work. This will say more than 150 million children. Children working up to 14 hours a day have neither the time or energy to go to school. As the work prevents children from going to school, poverty and illiteracy pass to new generations. Most child labourers are in Asia, Africa and Latin America. It is easy to believe that child labor is a problem only in poor countries, but it also occurs in the rich part of the world. Many employers are taking advantage of child labour, both directly and indirectly.
They exploited children and their labour force down the adult wages. Children do not require as high wages as adults and are also more submissive and docile. It sometimes happens that children are sold to the factory owners by poor parents for a sum of money or for a loan. Children are often promised good working conditions and good pay, but instead are used in different ways, and live in terrible conditions.
By Milou Tollefors.
Student at CET Services