World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought
Desertification and drought is a worldwide problem that the climate change is aggravating. It’s not only an ecological affair but a humanitarian and political one too that is already taking place. What’s more, currently people who must leave their home due to problems caused by natural disasters such as the ones we are talking about here exceed those people displaced by wars or other socio-political issues. In ten years time 50 million may be displaced if this continues!
Desertification and drought can have a natural reason but it worries more when it’s influenced by humans. This occurs when the tree and plant cover that binds the soil is removed for fuelwood and timber, or to clear land for cultivation, or when animals eat grasses or erode topsoil, and when intensive farming uses up the nutrients in the soil. In fact, 52% of the land used for agriculture is moderately or severely affected by soil degradation.
The World Day to combat this problem begun in 1995, June 17th , decided in the United Nations General Assembly, in order to promote public awareness and the implementation of the UN convention to combat desertification in countries that suffer serious drought and desertification.
<h4>Some of the proposals of the UN are the reforestation and tree regeneration, sensible water management, fixating the soil through the use of sand fences, shelter belts, etc; and enrichment of soil through planting.<h4><h4>What can you do? You can participate in events with civil society organisations and celebrate this World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought by planting trees, plants and seeds of social awareness in your relatives and friends minds!
By David Pulido Suarez
Student at CET Services