Discovery of Island of Manhattan
Manhattan Island is an island situated in the mouth of the Hudson River, on the north of New York harbour, and it is also one of the five metropolitan districts that form the city of New York.
This island was discovered in 1524 by Giovanni da Verrazzano, a navigator who worked for the French Crown. In that time, the place was called New Angulema, and it was populated by the Algonquian and Iroquois Indians. In 1609, Hudson (a British at the service of Netherlands) visited Manhattan and his name was used to call the Hudson River. The Dutchmen were the first to live in the area, and in 1614 they built Fort Manhattan.
Peter Minuit bought Manhattan from the Indians for 24 dollars twelve years later. He created a new colony called New Amsterdam and it was used to deal furs with the Indians. In 1674, thanks to the Westminster treaty the island became property of the British and they renamed it with the name of New York, in honour of the Duke of York
In the XVIII century, English settlers fought in a war against the French for the control of Manhattan and due to this war English settlers asked the Indians tribes for help.
Today Manhattan is 21, 5 km long and 1.626.159 people live there. ItÕs a very visited place, an island which keeps a lot of important monuments and places like the Rockefeller Center, Columbia University, Times Squares, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Madison Square, the Fifth Avenue, etc.
ÒManhattanÉ what a good name for the best democratic island of AmericaÓ- by the poet Walt Whitman.
By Lucia Yanez Arencibia
Student at (CET Services)
EditorÕs Note :
A very good piece of writing by Lucia Yanez which covers the different parts of the history of Manhattan, the exact dates of this discovery are a matter of controversy among experts as well as agreeing on who can be considered the discoverer of this island.
Chief Editor of the Canary Express