On October 4 of 1957, the soviet prototype was launched, and was named Sputnik, the first satellite which could go back to Earth’s orbit without problems. Of course, after this project, came Sputniks 2 and 3.
The satellite travelled at about 29,000 kilometers per hour , taking 96.2 minutes to complete each orbit. It transmitted on 20.005 and 40.002 MHz, which were monitored by amateur radio operators throughout the world. The batteries ran out on 26 October 1957 and they had 21 days of signals. After 70 million km and three mounts on orbit, the Sputnik burned up, but the launch was something historic and innovative for the world.
But the real problem came when the USA knew that the Soviet Union was wining. So the space race began, and the USA tried to win this race no matter what, but at first, they suffered the consequences. Then the USA launched Project Vanguard. But the people in the USA thought that the Soviet Union was better, and this was a problem which they really needed to solve. Even so, this era was the best. The technology went along and science improved. In Britain the media and population initially reacted with a mixture of fear for the future, but also amazement about humankind’s progress.
By Samuel Pérez