The Indian Elephant

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The Indian elephant is the most widely distributed of the four Asian elephant sub-species. There are many differences between Indian elephants and other types of elephants. One of them could be that the Indian elephant has smaller ears than the African elephant we could also point out that the Indian elephant also has a more curved spine than the African elephant.

Many years ago these elephants had a habit which every elephant complied with. The eldest elephant of the Indian elephant herd is responsible for remembering the migration route of its Indian elephant herd.

If we want to talk about their feeding we could say that they are herbivorous, they only eat plants, they eat a wide variety of vegetation including grasses, fruits nuts and others. They often use their big, long trunk to collect food to eat.

They have very few predators within their natural environment because they are large in size. Although, tigers are the primary predator of the Indian Elephant but human hunters are too.

Nowadays, the Indian elephant is considered to be an animal that is in immediate danger of becoming extinct due to their population having declined very fast. Indian elephants are suffering because they are losing their habitat caused by deforestation and hunting for their ivory tusks by human poachers.

Interesting facts could be:

Female elephants are known as cows and adult males as you might have guessed; bulls.

The females have a pregnancy period of 22 months.

While females tend to look after their young, males roam around alone.

Their average lifespan is 60-70 years.

Asian elephants are more closely related to the extinct mammoth than the African elephants.

Finally if you want to learn more about Indian elephant you should know that there is a festive season in India and other towns hold religious events where it is desirable to have one or more elephants present with decoration and colours.

Carla Pérez Sosa.